What is interior design, and how to do it at home?
Interior Design has grown in recent years, especially for those who want to renovate and redecorate their house.
However, the area goes beyond the simple decoration of environments, with expertise in planning, idealization, and realization of complete house projects, apartments and commercial establishments.
In times of compulsory social isolation, due to the Covid-19 pandemic, the stay in the houses has aroused the interest of several people in the decoration, with the intention of improving the space to increase the quality of life and well-being.
It is worth saying that the design of an internal environment is an extreme responsibility, therefore, the work of the designer is responsible for the management and improvement of the properties, for a much more pleasant and cozy environment.
In today’s article, learn more about interior design and how to do it in your home. Follow the reading!
The history of interior design
The first reports of interior design are very old, well before 1000 ac (BC). At that time, the Egyptians built houses out of clay, filling them with wooden furniture and other decorative objects, such as straw mats, animal skins, etc.
With the passage of time, this trend would be reflected in the use of rustic fabrics for decoration, among other projects. The Egyptians built real decorated walls, where they depicted their tastes and customs.
But it was during the classical era (between 499 ac and 79 dc) that interior design reached its peak, in ancient Greece. Inspired by the Egyptian style, the Greeks began to design furniture that combined comfort, without losing beauty and sophistication.
In the Roman Empire, the noble residences were characterized by large interior courtyards, with very refined mosaics, floors, and paintings, symbolizing the gods and other characters of the literature of the time.
The Romans had a real concern for the finish of buildings and they were responsible for thinking about the beginnings of modern furniture, as we know it today.
In the 17th century, in the Baroque style, interior decoration took on an air of splendor, with decoration rich in detail, in a trend that spread rapidly across Europe and influenced certain buildings in Latin America.
Over the years, interior design has undergone several changes, and in the years of 1930 and 1965 completely changed its style, abandoning all the trends of previous centuries. During this period, modern furniture appears, becoming icons of decoration.
So, the profession of interior designer gained notoriety, with renowned artists who were part of the movement. A classic of the modern era is the Charles Eames desk chair, which has become a symbol of comfort, refinement, and sophistication.
With this, the 20th century represented the best time in the history of interior designers, who were able to plan functional, modern and personalized spaces, in other words, taking into account the wishes of each resident.
What is an interior design project?
It is not uncommon for interior design to be confused with decoration. however, it is a misunderstanding about the area, because the craft of a designer goes beyond the decoration of an environment since it involves the choice of coatings, cores, and finishes, among other details that are part of the project.
In addition, the interior design understands what the residents want and creates functional, friendly, and personalized spaces. Permanent spaces are also taken into account, to promote the best use of the environment.
In this sense, the interior design properly divides the installation of the custom-made kitchen furniture, for example, even the application of small objects. It is essential that the interior design takes into account the conditions of comfort and ergonomics, to dictate the best height and dimensions of the furniture.
Finally, the interior design also recommends the best coatings and materials, to ensure that users benefit from an appropriate, functional, and sophisticated environment.
It is possible that the designer chooses to buy vinyl flooring, in an economical solution for the home.
What are the stages of interior design?
As we could see, the interior design project has a number of elements and because of that, it is not just decoration.
Contrary to, it closely resembles architectural planning. Hence why many designers collaborate with architects to come up with a space.
The layout of the project includes the position and organization of elements, including furniture, and decorative objects, in addition to other fixed or mobile elements in the environment.
This is one of the most important steps since it will guarantee a good distribution in space, to better organize the flow on-site.
The layout is defined for each space, so much so that it is the first step in residential landscaping. You mean that even for outdoor environments, such as gardens and leisure areas, it is essential to prioritize the elements, to ensure the best organization of the space.
The layout must also take into account the standards of accessibility, escape routes, and minimum dimensions of the premises, in particular for commercial establishments and places with high traffic of people.
Furniture includes fixed furniture and furnishings, being one of the elements that most influence interior design. Therefore, the designer must recommend the right choices, so that the organization of the space remains functional, without losing refinement.
In smaller environments, such as apartments, attention to the choice of each piece of furniture is essential, since it is necessary to think about custom-made furniture, to make the most of every square centimeter.
Practicality, comfort, and ergonomics
The interior designer also takes into account every detail to provide a practical, comfortable and ergonomic environment.
For example, on the balconies of apartments, many professionals can recommend the balcony closure with glass, a solution that guarantees the use of natural lighting, while protecting the place from bad weather and providing better use of the territory.
It is worth saying that comfort goes beyond aesthetics, involving details that improve the quality of life of residents, such as accessibility, application of technologies, or various practical aspects.
Planning the right colors is also something that influences comfort. Using 3D Wall Covering on the living room wall can arouse feelings of tranquility, relaxation, and calm.
Among other aspects that influence the feeling of comfort, stand out:
- Thermal insulation;
- Odor composition of materials;
- Projection of ergonomic furniture.
Moreover, the interior designer must study the dimensions and proportions of the human body, because anthropometric investigations make it possible to plan viable solutions for the ergonomics of the site.
Materials and finishes
Finally, the interior designer is also responsible for the choice of materials and finishes of the place, taking into account aesthetics, function, and cost.
Currently, you can find a wide variety of coatings, allowing the designer to assess the durability, quality, and, even, durability of materials, opting for environmentally friendly products.
The choice of materials also takes into account the objectives of the space, the role of the environment, and the behavior of the users of the site.
So, it is worth considering the level of traffic in the area, cleaning conditions, texture, and colors, as well as light scattering, which affects the mood of residents.
What are the characteristics of a good interior designer?
Given the importance of the interior designer to create a comfortable, pretty, practical, and functional environment, many people are looking for outsourced service companies to do this service or independent professionals.
Being a good interior designer, it is essential that the individual has the ability to recreate environments without structurally altering them, be creative, and organized, and develop technical drawing skills.
Today it is possible to find a wide variety of courses available for interior design training.
But it is important that the professional keeps abreast of market trends, styles, and novelty, accompanying fashion that also influences the decoration of properties.
Interior design is a growing field in the 21st century, although concern for the layout and decoration of spaces dates back to antiquity.
The segment is concerned with combining comfort and quality, offering personalized environment designs.
If you have any interior design requirements, please contact us.